UV LIGHT AND THE EYES
Chronic exposure to UV light is associated with many eye conditions ( see below)
It is well know what damage UV light can do to the skin. It is common place to use sun lotion to protect against this. What is less known, is that UV light can also cause damage to the eye and surrounding area. With their larger pupils, clearer crystalline lens and more sensitive tissue, children are more susceptible to UV light. Damage that may be done at an early age does not become apparent until later in life. Our children's glasses are made with UV protected lenses. Ask about UV protection in your ophthalmic and contact lenses.
BASAL CELL CARCINOMA
This is the most common malignant eyelid tumour worldwide. It is a slow growing cancerous growth which almost never metastasises. Treatment is removal by surgical excision. Any lumps or bumps should be investigated carefully and timely.
This is a growth that invades the cornea. It is slow growing and doesn't always progress very far. It is not usually a problem unless it crosses the cornea so far as to affect vision. It can then be surgically removed by an ophthalmologist.
OTHER VARIOUS EYE CONDITIONS
Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness in the UK. Damage is done to the back of the eye, that can in time cause deterioration in vision. There is a screening service in Scotland that photographs eyes to check for early signs that may need further investigation. Diabetes can can changes in your vision, especially when undiagnosed. Diabetics benefit from regular eye tests, usually on an annual basis.
This is probably the most common eye problem in the UK. It is a more prevalent condition in an ageing population. Vision gradually becomes hazy and deteriorates. After vision has decreased by a certain amount, surgery to remove the lens can be indicated. An implant is put in it's place, restoring the vision that was affected due to the cataract. However, other ocular pathology can temper the improvement in vision a little.
FUCH'S ENDOTHELIAL DYSTROPHY
Fuch's is a condition involving the posterior layer of the cornea. It usually develops later in life and has a pretty strong familial genetic link. Damage to this layer breaks down the delicate equilibrium of water in the cornea, causing oedema of the central part of the cornea. This presents as blurring first thing in the morning, gradually clearing during the day. Progression of Fuch's is variable and surgery is sometimes indicated.